Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language natively spoken by the Punjabi people. Punjabi is the most popular first language in Pakistan, with 80.5 million native speakers as per the 2017 census, and the 11th most popular in India, with 31.1 million native speakers, as per the 2011 census. The language is spoken among a significant overseas diaspora, particularly in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom.
Punjabi is written in two main scripts: Gurmukhi and Shahmukhi. Gurmukhi is the official script of the Punjab province of India, and it is also the script used by the Sikh community. Shahmukhi is the official script of the Punjab province of Pakistan, and it is also the script used by the Muslim community.
Punjabi is a very rich and expressive language. It has a large vocabulary, and it can be used to express a wide range of emotions and ideas. Punjabi is also a very beautiful language, and it is often used in poetry and song.
If you are interested in learning Punjabi, there are many resources available to you. You can take Punjabi classes, or you can use online resources such as Duolingo or Memrise. You can also find Punjabi books and newspapers, and you can watch Punjabi movies and TV shows.
Learning Punjabi can be a great way to connect with the culture of Punjab. It can also be a valuable skill for your career, as Punjabi is a major language in the global economy.
Here are some of the key features of Punjabi:
- It is a tonal language, which means that the pitch of the voice can change the meaning of a word.
- It has a rich system of morphology, which means that words can be combined in a variety of ways to create new meanings.
- It has a large vocabulary, which is due to its long history and its contact with other languages.
- It is a very expressive language, which is due to its rich vocabulary and its tonal system.