Opex stands for Operating Expenditure or Operating Expense. It refers to the ongoing costs associated with running a business or operating a product, asset, or system on a day-to-day basis.

Operating expenses are the recurring costs that a company incurs to maintain its regular operations, including:

  1. Salaries and wages for employees
  2. Rent and utilities for office spaces or facilities
  3. Cost of raw materials or inventory
  4. Marketing and advertising expenses
  5. Insurance premiums
  6. Maintenance and repair costs
  7. Legal and professional fees
  8. Office supplies and equipment
  9. Transportation and travel expenses

Operating expenses are classified as short-term expenses and are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. Unlike capital expenditures (Capex), which are investments in long-term assets, operating expenses are related to the current period’s operations and are not capitalized on the balance sheet.

Operating expenses are a crucial component of a company’s income statement and are deducted from revenue to calculate the net income or profit. Efficiently managing and controlling operating expenses is essential for businesses to maintain profitability and ensure long-term sustainability.

It’s important to note that the classification of expenses as either operating expenses (Opex) or capital expenditures (Capex) depends on the nature of the expense and the accounting principles and guidelines followed by the company.