Heuristics are mental shortcuts or rules of thumb that simplify decision-making processes. They allow individuals to make quick, often efficient decisions without needing to analyze all available information. While heuristics can be helpful in many situations, they can also lead to biases and errors in judgment.

Some common heuristics include:

  1. Availability Heuristic: Estimating the likelihood of events based on how easily examples come to mind.
  2. Representativeness Heuristic: Judging the probability of an event by comparing it to an existing prototype in our minds.
  3. Anchoring Heuristic: Relying heavily on the first piece of information (the “anchor”) encountered when making decisions.
  4. Recognition Heuristic: When faced with two options, assuming the one that is more easily recognized is of higher value.

Applied heuristics refer to the practical use of heuristics in various fields to solve problems, make decisions, and improve processes efficiently. Here are some examples of applied heuristics in different areas:

1. Business and Marketing

2. Software Development

3. Healthcare

4. Education

5. Finance

6. Daily Life

7. Engineering

These are just a few examples of how heuristics can be applied across different domains to improve efficiency, decision-making, and problem-solving.