Imposter syndrome is a psychological phenomenon in which people doubt their skills, talents, or accomplishments, and have a persistent internalized fear of being exposed as a fraud. Despite external evidence of their competence, those experiencing this phenomenon do not believe they deserve their success or luck. They may incorrectly attribute it to the Matthew effect or the Dunning–Kruger effect, or they may think that they are deceiving others because they feel as if they are not as intelligent as they outwardly portray themselves to be.

Imposter syndrome is a common experience, and it can affect people of all ages, genders, and occupations. However, it is more common in high-achieving individuals, such as those in academia, the arts, and business.

There are a number of factors that can contribute to imposter syndrome, including:

Imposter syndrome can have a number of negative consequences, including:

There are a number of things that people can do to cope with imposter syndrome, including:

Imposter syndrome is a challenging experience, but it is possible to overcome it. By acknowledging your feelings, challenging your negative thoughts, focusing on your strengths, and seeking support, you can learn to cope with imposter syndrome and build your self-confidence.