Business administration encompasses a wide range of disciplines and specialized areas. These can be broadly categorized into two main groups: domains and sub-domains.


Domains are the fundamental areas of business that require specific knowledge and skills. They represent the core functions of an organization and are essential for its success. The eight traditional business administration domains are:


Sub-domains are specialized areas within each domain. They represent specific areas of expertise and knowledge that are related to a broader domain. For example, within the marketing domain, sub-domains might include digital marketing, social media marketing, and content marketing.

There are countless sub-domains within each of the eight traditional business administration domains. Each sub-domain requires specific knowledge and skills, and professionals often specialize in one or more sub-domains.

Here are some examples of sub-domains within each domain:

The specific sub-domains of business administration are constantly evolving as technology and business practices change. New sub-domains emerge, and others become less relevant over time. This dynamic nature makes business administration a challenging but rewarding field for those who are passionate about lifelong learning and adaptation.

Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:

Also, from another source:

Each of these areas plays a crucial role in managing and operating a business effectively. Let’s briefly discuss each of them:

  1. Marketing: Involves activities related to promoting and selling products or services. This includes market research, advertising, branding, and customer relationship management.
  2. Human Resources (HR): Focuses on managing personnel within an organization. HR activities include recruitment, employee training and development, performance management, and employee relations.
  3. Business Strategy: Involves the planning and decision-making processes that guide an organization’s actions to achieve specific goals. It includes defining the company’s mission, vision, and long-term objectives.
  4. Organizational Behavior: Studies the behavior of individuals and groups within an organization. It examines factors influencing behavior, such as leadership, communication, and organizational culture.
  5. Operations: Deals with the day-to-day running of business activities. It includes managing processes, optimizing efficiency, and ensuring the production or delivery of goods and services.
  6. Supply Chain Systems: Focuses on the entire process of delivering a product or service from the supplier to the end customer. It involves logistics, inventory management, and distribution.
  7. Information Systems (IS): Encompasses the use of technology and systems to manage and process information within an organization. This includes databases, networks, and software applications.
  8. Finance: Manages the financial aspects of a business, including budgeting, financial reporting, investment decisions, and risk management.

These domains and sub-domains together form the foundation for effective business management and are essential for the success and sustainability of any organization. They are often interconnected, and collaboration across these areas is crucial for holistic and strategic business management.