Here’s a table of various art genres and subgenres with explanatory notes to help understand their unique characteristics:

GenreSubgenreExplanatory Notes
PaintingRealismFocuses on depicting subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation. Key artists include Gustave Courbet and Jean-François Millet.
ImpressionismCharacterized by small, thin brush strokes and an emphasis on light and its changing qualities. Notable artists include Claude Monet and Edgar Degas.
ExpressionismFocuses on representing emotional experiences rather than physical reality. Key artists include Edvard Munch and Egon Schiele.
AbstractUses shapes, colors, and forms to achieve its effect, often without depicting recognizable objects. Notable artists include Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian.
SurrealismSeeks to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind, often through illogical scenes and bizarre images. Key artists include Salvador Dalí and René Magritte.
SculptureClassicalInspired by the art of ancient Greece and Rome, emphasizing idealized human forms and balanced proportions. Notable examples include works by Phidias and Praxiteles.
ModernBreaks away from traditional forms and techniques, often using abstract shapes and unconventional materials. Key artists include Henry Moore and Alberto Giacometti.
KineticInvolves movement or relies on motion for its effect. Notable artists include Alexander Calder and Jean Tinguely.
DrawingCharcoalUses charcoal sticks or pencils to create rich, dark lines and shading. Known for its expressive quality and versatility.
InkEmploys ink, often with brushes or pens, to create detailed and precise drawings. Used in both Eastern and Western art traditions.
PastelUses sticks of powdered pigment bound with a binder, producing vibrant colors and a soft texture.
PrintmakingWoodcutInvolves carving an image into the surface of a wooden block and using it to print onto paper or fabric. Notable artists include Albrecht Dürer and Katsushika Hokusai.
EtchingUses acid to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio in the metal. Key artists include Rembrandt and Francisco Goya.
LithographyInvolves drawing on a flat stone or metal plate with a greasy substance, then applying ink to the drawing and pressing it onto paper. Notable artists include Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
PhotographyPortraitFocuses on capturing the likeness and personality of a person or group of people. Key photographers include Annie Leibovitz and Richard Avedon.
LandscapeDepicts natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests. Notable photographers include Ansel Adams and Galen Rowell.
StreetCaptures everyday life in public spaces, often candidly and with a focus on social issues. Key photographers include Henri Cartier-Bresson and Vivian Maier.
FilmDocumentaryProvides a factual record or report on a particular subject, often with a focus on real events and people. Notable filmmakers include Ken Burns and Werner Herzog.
ExperimentalBreaks away from traditional narrative structures and techniques, often exploring new forms and concepts. Key filmmakers include Maya Deren and Stan Brakhage.
AnimationUses drawings, models, or computer-generated images to create the illusion of motion. Subgenres include traditional animation, stop-motion, and CGI.
CeramicsFunctionalCreates pottery or other objects intended for practical use, such as bowls, vases, and plates. Often involves techniques like throwing on a wheel or hand-building.
SculpturalFocuses on creating ceramic artworks that are primarily decorative or conceptual rather than functional. Notable artists include Betty Woodman and Ken Price.
PorcelainUses a specific type of fine, white clay that is fired at high temperatures to create a smooth, translucent finish. Often associated with fine china and decorative objects.
Textile ArtWeavingInvolves interlacing threads or yarns to create fabric or decorative pieces. Techniques vary widely across different cultures and historical periods.
EmbroideryUses needle and thread to create decorative designs on fabric. Can be used for both functional and artistic purposes.
QuiltingInvolves stitching together layers of fabric, often with padding in between, to create a thick, warm textile. Can be functional (e.g., bed quilts) or artistic.
Mixed MediaCollageCombines various materials such as paper, fabric, and found objects into a single artwork. Key artists include Pablo Picasso and Hannah Höch.
AssemblageUses three-dimensional elements and found objects to create a sculpture. Notable artists include Louise Nevelson and Robert Rauschenberg.
Digital ArtUses digital technology as an essential part of the creative or presentation process. Can include digital painting, 3D modeling, and digital installations.
Performance ArtLive ArtInvolves a live performance by the artist, often emphasizing the physical presence and actions of the performer. Key figures include Marina Abramović and Yoko Ono.
InteractiveEncourages audience participation, making the viewers an integral part of the artwork. Notable artists include Allan Kaprow and Rafael Lozano-Hemmer.
ConceptualFocuses on the ideas and concepts behind the artwork, often challenging traditional definitions of art. Key figures include Joseph Kosuth and Sol LeWitt.

This table provides a broad overview of some of the most prominent art genres and their subgenres, highlighting their unique characteristics and notable artists.